Some developments in small reciprocating Rankine-cycle engines using organic working fluids by E. F. Doyle

Cover of: Some developments in small reciprocating Rankine-cycle engines using organic working fluids | E. F. Doyle

Published by Society of Automotive Engineers in New York .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

On cover: Automotive Engineering Congress, Detroit, Mich. Jan. 12-16, 1970.

Book details

Statement[by] E.F. Doyle, T. LeFeuvre, and R.J. Raymond.
Series700162
ContributionsLeFeuvre, T., Raymond, R. J., Society of Automotive Engineers.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13978572M

Download Some developments in small reciprocating Rankine-cycle engines using organic working fluids

Some Developments in Small Reciprocating Rankine-Cycle Engines Using Organic Working Fluids Thermo Electron's development program on Rankine-cycle engines is reviewed.

Intake valve losses are shown to be an important aspect of engine efficiency, particularly with organic working by: 9. The working fluids used in Organic Rankine Cycle can be classified as wet, dry and isentropic types, who have different slopes of the vapor saturation curves in the T-s diagram as shown in Figure 5.

The wet fluids such as R have a negative slope of the vapor saturation curve. On the other hand, the dry fluids have a positive by: 2. Organic Rankine Cycles with Dry Fluids for Small Engine Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery with the heaviest hydrocarbons generating the largest amount of work.

Of these fluids, pentane is the ideal candidate for an ORC. Simulations of a Bottoming Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Driven by Waste Heat in a Diesel Engine (DE) Cited by: Highlights R11, Rb, R and R manifest the best thermodynamic performances.

Rfa and Rca are the most environment-friendly working fluids for the engine waste heat-recovery application. The condensing temperature has more important effect than the evaporating pressure to the performance of ORC.

The optimal control principle of ORC under the transient process was defined Cited by: Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) development started in the s and followed the development of steam engines. In spite of Carnot's foresight of using other fluids than water, it took until the middle of the 20th century to benefit from the thermodynamics analysis to take advantage of the inherent flexibility of the ORC, to optimize the use of low.

For higher temperature waste heat streams, the thermal efficiency of the organic Rankine cycle system can for some working fluids be improved dramatically by the use of a recuperative preheater.

The recuperated ORC system uses the heat required to de-superheat the turbine exhaust vapor to preheat the cold condensed liquid leaving the pump. Although water is still the main working fluid on Rankine cycles in ships, application of organic fluids shows a great potential for the future (Shu et al., ).

ORC TECHNOLOGY An ORC applies the same principles than a steam Rankine cycle but uses organic working fluids with low boiling points to recover heat from lower temperature heat.

The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a promising process for conversion of low and medium temperature heat to electricity. The ORC process works like a Clausius–Rankine steam power plant but uses an organic working fluid instead of water. A certain challenge is the choice of the organic working fluid and of the particular design of the cycle.

Some developments in small reciprocating. Rankine-cycle engines using organic working fluids. Warrendale (PA): SAE. International; [11] Spencer LC. A comprehensive review of small solar. Performance of solar Organic Rankine cycle using various working fluids. Volume flow rate, mass flow rate as well as thermal efficiency are used for comparison.

Hung et al [11] examine Rankine cycles using organic fluids which are categorized into three groups of wet, dry and isentropic fluids. The design values of the double acting uniflow engine are as follows: Working fluid Working cycle Temperature range Rankine cycle effi ciency Swept volume Number of cylinders Inlet pressure Condenser pressure Speed Diagram factor Mechanical effici ency Brake horse power Engine efficiency R - 21 Modified Rankine Cycle °C°C % water as the working fluid.

Organic working fluids allow higher flow rates in the cycle, making the efficient use of turbines possible. Data from the simulations using the zero-dimensional model were used to guide the design and construction of a demonstrator test bench featuri ng a Rankine cycle- based recovery system that recovers.

organic Rankine cycle system using Rfa as working uid for low-grade waste heat recovery from steam. Energy Conversion and Management. ;   Organic Rankine (ORC) cycle-based systems have gained popularity in the last 2 decades for heat to power conversion in various applications.

In comparison with the traditional Rankine cycle, the ORC-based power systems allow the flexibility to choose working fluids and expansion machines, as an additional degree of freedom, allowing optimal configurations both from the. The Rankine cycle is usually based on water as a working fluid.

Applications of the cycle with different working fluids started to appear soon, such as the Naphtha boats. In Frank Ofeldt developed a unique power system which he hoped would have replaced steam.

His naphtha engines are steam engines that boil naphtha (a form of gasoline. Organic Rankine cycle, which has the same system configuration as steam Rankine cycle but uses organic substances with low boiling points as working fluids, can use various types of heat source, including industrial waste heat, solar energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy, and ocean energy etc.

This paper presents the study of four different engine coolant and exhaust heat recovery Organic Rankine Cycle systems using Rfa as working fluid and scroll expander as expansion machine. Power conversion systems based on organic Rankine cycles have been identified as a potential technology especially in converting low-grade waste heat into electricity as well as in small-scale biomass, solar, or geothermal power plants.

The theoretical analysis can guide the ORC design, but cannot predict accurately the system performance. Actually, the operation characteristics of every.

temperature solar organic Rankine cycle, Applied Thermal Engineer [Another working fluid study for low-temperature power generat ion using Organic Rankine Cycles]. Wang, J. In the present work, a thermo-economic evaluation of the low global warming potential fluids HCFOzd-E, HFOmzz-Z and HFOze-Z as alternatives to HFCfa in organic Rankine cycle.

Abstract: Heat rejected from an internal combustion engine, such as through the EGR cooler or the tailpipe, reflects a significant loss of of the wasted heat may be recovered using the Rankine cycle, where an intermediate heat transfer loop is added that contains a working fluid whose properties allow it to pass through an expander to capture some of the exergy of the waste.

Keywords: Organic Rankine Cycle, low -grade heat source, Small Hot Vapor Reciprocating Engine 1. Introduction An organic rankine cycle (Ois strongly attended [1RC) -7] and intended to improve the thermal efficiency to convert the renewable energy to the. On the other hand, the Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) has been given a lot of attention as it has the potential to be used for power generation from low-temperature heat sources.

It is a Clausius Rankine cycle that exploits organic working fluid instead of steam. Some researchers studied the application of the ORCs in the combined systems [5, 6]. The Organic Rankine Cycle Disadvantages of water probably to correct using other working fluids, The ORC uses organic substances instead of water as working fluid: Organic Rankine Cycle working fluids are: Toluene Butane Pentane Ammonia Refrigeration fluids Silicone oils 8.

Waste Heat Recovery on IC Engines using Organic Ran kine Cycle Shashank Shetty 1, Dr. Sanjay Bokade 2, Ms. Amruta Gokhale 3 1,2, 3 Mechanical Engineering, MCT s Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Mumbai University Abstract Organic Rankine Cycle is rising as a new solution to the heat recovery system.

The paper presents a comparison between working fluids selection using energy and exergy analysis to recover waste heat from Diesel engine (DE). This study involves the use of a 40 kW Diesel engine with basic configuration for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC). 30 fluids some fluids have very high or extremely boiling point (NBP).

This kind of working fluids is not suitable for organic rankine cycle when the heat source temperature can vary between varies significantly that depend upon the used working K. the high normal boiling point working fluids.

The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a closed-loop system where a naturally organic working fluid repeatedly circulates through four components, an evaporator (aka.

boiler), an expander, a condenser, and a pump, to transform waste heat into mechanical or electrical power [1]. The ORC differs from the traditional steam Rankine cycle because it.

Increasing emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel prices lead to extra efforts in finding solution to reduce the environment waste heat. One of the solutions emerging is the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system.

It is one of the promising exhaust heat recovery technologies which is widely been used to recover low to medium-grade heat rather than conventional steam Rankine cycle system. Downloadable (with restrictions). In recent years, the use of small-scale organic Rankine cycles (ORC) in exhaust gas heat recovery of reciprocating engines has been intensively studied.

In this paper, the working fluid selection and experimental results of a small-scale ORC unit utilizing exhaust heat of a diesel engine are presented and discussed. Development of % Producer Gas Engine and Field Testing with PID Governor Mechanism for Variable Load Operation Some Developments in Small Reciprocating Rankine-Cycle Engines Using Organic Working Fluids.

View Details. importance. This cycle program allows the use of different organic working fluids and various sources of waste heat. The current paper includes the study of ORC with due consideration to the working fluid and its application to waste recovery system. Keywords: Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), energy efficiency, working fluid 1.

Introduction. Technical Report: Assessment of Rankine cycle heat engines for small solar power applications. Selecting working fluids in an organic Rankine cycle for power generation from low temperature heat sources The present paper analyzes the behavior of working fluids, such as water and some hydrocarbons and refrigerants in a Rankine cycle in different configurations and conditions of temperature, pressure and flow, thus establishing the.

By using the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), even relatively low-grade byproduct heat can be economically converted to valuable electric power.

Rankine Cycle a foundation of power plants The Rankine Cycle, developed by the Scottish engineering genius William Rankine, is the fundamental principle used in the design of vapor engines such as steam. A non-regenerative ORC, similarly to a steam-Rankine cycle, consists of four processes (pumping, heat addition, expansion and heat rejection), carried out by an organic working fluid.

A typical such ORC is presented in the T-s diagram in Figure 1. The power required to pump the working fluid from State 1. An analysis of the Stirling cycle has been carried out in which most of the assumptions made in previous theoretical studies have been discarded.

The effects of nonisothermal expansion and compression processes, aerodynamic friction, and imperfect regeneration are taken into account.

Theoretical per. Downloadable (with restrictions). How to effectively utilize low and medium temperature energy is one of the solutions to alleviate the energy shortage and environmental pollution problems. In the past twenty years, because of its feasibility and reliability, organic Rankine cycle has received widespread attentions and researches.

In this paper, it reviews the selections of working fluids and. ered to generate power by an organic Rankine cycle in which the working fluid has an important impact on its performance. The thermodynamic processes of or-ganic Rankine cycles using different types of organic fluids were analyzed in this paper.

The relationships between the organic Rankine cycle. To develop efficient and lower emission heating and cooling systems, this book chapter focuses on interests for the innovative combination of a heat pump (HP) and organic Rankine cycle (ORC) for building applications.

In this state-of-the-art survey, the potentials and advantages of combined HP-ORC systems have been investigated and discussed.

Rankine cycle, namely a pump, an evaporator, a turbine (or ex-pander) and a condenser. The major difference comes from the choice of working fluid: water is replaced by an organic compo-nent. One of the earliest studies related to this technology was carried out .A Rankine cycle system with ethanol as the working fluid was developed to investigate the fuel economy benefit of recovering waste heat from a liter heavy-duty (HD) truck diesel engine.

Recovering rejected heat from a primary engine with a secondary bottoming cycle is .Organic Rankine Cycle and working fluids have been widely studied in different scientific articles []. Some papers widely studied of Organic Rankine Cycle ORCthe usage in different applications like waste heat recovery [], geothermal power plants [11], biomass power plants[12] and solar thermal power plants [13,15].

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